What is a Bone Graft?
Bone grafting, or shifting of bone tissue, is beneficial in fixing bones that are damaged from trauma or problem joints. It’s also useful for growing bone around an implanted device, such as a total knee replacement where there is bone loss or a fracture. A bone graft may fill an area where the bone is absent or help provide structural stability.
The bone used in a bone graft can come from your body or a donor, or it can be entirely synthetic. It can provide a framework where new, living bone can grow if it’s accepted by the body. Dental Clinics in Manila provides this procedure with the best dentists in the city.
The two most common types of bone grafts are:
- allograft, which uses bone from a deceased donor or a cadaver that has been cleaned and stored in a tissue bank
- autograft, which comes from a bone inside your body, such as your ribs, hips, pelvis, or wrist
Why Bone Grafting is performed?
Bone grafting is done for numerous reasons, including injury and disease. There are four main reasons bone grafts are used:
- A bone graft may be used in the case of multiple or complex fractures or those that don’t heal well after initial treatment.
- Fusion helps two bones heal together across a diseased joint. Fusion is most often done on the spine.
- Regeneration is used for bone lost to disease, infection, or injury. This can involve using small amounts of bone in bone cavities or large sections of bones.
- A graft can be used to help bone heal around surgically implanted devices, like joint replacements, plates, or screws.